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Dawn of Humanity
PBS
NOVA and National Geographic present exclusive access to a unique discovery of ancient remains. Located in an almost inaccessible chamber deep in a South African cave, the site required recruiting a special team of experts slender enough to wriggle down…
First Steps
Episode 1 of NOVA: Becoming Human
PBS
Where did we come from? What makes us human? An explosion of recent discoveries sheds light on these questions, and NOVA's comprehensive, three-part special, "Becoming Human," examines what the latest scientific research reveals about our hominid relatives. Part 1, "First…
Breaking the Maya Code - Discovering Remnants of the Mayans
For almost 2000 years, the ancient Maya of Central America recorded their history and ideas in an intricate and beautiful hieroglyphic script. Then, in the 16th century, Spanish invaders burned their books and ruthlessly extinguished hieroglyphic literacy. By the 18th…
Birth of Humanity
Episode 2 of NOVA: Becoming Human
PBS
In "Birth of Humanity," the second part of the three-part series "Becoming Human," NOVA investigates the first skeleton that really looks like us-"Turkana Boy"-an astonishingly complete specimen of Homo erectus found by the famous Leakey team in Kenya. These early…
Decoding Neanderthals
PBS
Over 60,000 years ago, the first modern humans--people physically identical to us today--left their African homeland and entered Europe, then a bleak and inhospitable continent in the grip of the Ice Age. But when they arrived, they were not alone:…
Last Human Standing 
Episode 3 of NOVA: Becoming Human
PBS
In "Last Human Standing," the final program of the three-part series "Becoming Human," NOVA examines the fate of the Neanderthals, our European cousins who died out as modern humans spread from Africa into Europe during the Ice Age. Did modern…
Prehistoric Archaeology
Episode 6 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
Prehistoric archaeology allows us to glimpse the earliest times in hominid and human history. Learn about seminal 20th-century finds of hominids in Africa, which provided clues to the origins of our ancestors from millions of years ago. Then discover the…
Excavating Pompeii and Herculaneum
Episode 2 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
Travel to the iconic sites of Pompeii and Herculaneum in Italy--Roman towns that were famously destroyed by the 79 A.D. eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Learn about the history of their excavation, and witness the astonishing preservation of buildings, objects, and…
The Origins of Modern Archaeology
Episode 1 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
Begin to investigate what archaeologists actually do, the nature and scope of their work, and popular misconceptions about the field. As an introduction to the course, trace the colorful history of archaeology from its beginnings with the ancient Babylonian king…
Emperor's Ghost Army
PBS
In central China, a vast underground mausoleum conceals a life-size terracotta army of cavalry, infantry, horses, chariots, weapons, administrators, acrobats, and musicians, all built to serve China's first emperor, Qin Shi Huang Di, in the afterlife. Lost and forgotten for…
Göbekli Tepe, Çatalhöyük, and Jericho
Episode 7 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
Among significant Neolithic (New Stone Age) sites, explore Gobekli Tepe in Turkey, whose imposing stone rings are the oldest known examples of monumental architecture in the early Near East. Continue to Jericho, with its extraordinary tombs and famous tower, and…
Discovering the Maya
Episode 21 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
Trace the unearthing of the great Maya civilizations in the 19th century, and revel in the excitement of the recent "cracking" of Maya hieroglyphics. Contemplate the extraordinary temple-pyramids, tombs, and athletic courts of the Maya; consider the use of remote…
Schliemann and His Successors at Troy
Episode 3 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
Follow the exploits of Heinrich Schliemann, a 19th-century amateur archaeologist who was determined to find the site of Homer's Troy. Learn about his dig through nine stratified cities, the astonishing finds, and the intense debates concerning which city was the…
Early Archaeology in Mesopotamia
Episode 4 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
Explore the history of phenomenal finds in Mesopotamia, beginning with the 19th-century unearthing of the great Assyrian palaces at Nimrud and Ninevah, with their libraries of cuneiform texts. Also contemplate the 20th-century discovery of the dazzling treasures of the famous…
Secrets of the Dead - China's Terracotta Warriors
PBS
The life-sized terracotta warriors of China are known throughout the world. This clay army of 8,000 including infantry, archers, generals and cavalry was discovered by archaeologists in 1974 after farmers digging a well near the Chinese city of Xian unearthed…
Discovering Mycenae and Knossos
Episode 11 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
Follow the archaeological search for King Agamemnon at Mycenae, and ponder the discovery of striking tomb objects as well as the palace from which the Mycenaeans sailed for Troy. From there, uncover the majestic palace of the Minoans at Knossos,…
The Dead Sea Scrolls
Episode 14 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
The unearthing of the Dead Sea Scrolls revolutionized the field of biblical studies. Investigate the events that led to their discovery in 1947, and consider their extraordinary contents, which shed light on the Hebrew Bible through texts from over 2,000…
The Uluburun Shipwreck
Episode 13 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
The Uluburun shipwreck, a vessel that sank in 1300 B.C. off the coast of what is now modern Turkey, ranks among the greatest archaeological finds of all time. Learn about its remarkable underwater excavation, and wonder at the ship's fabulous…
Santorini, Akrotiri, and the Atlantis Myth
Episode 12 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
Visit the famously beautiful Greek island of Santorini, whose picturesque topography resulted from a volcanic eruption in the second millennium B.C. Explore the site of Akrotiri, a town buried under volcanic ash, renowned for masterful wall paintings reflecting ancient Aegean…
Megiddo: Excavating Armageddon
Episode 16 of Archaeology: An Introduction to the World's Greatest Sites
The site of Megiddo in northern Israel comprises more than twenty ancient cities, built one atop the other. Trace the excavations there over the last century, and examine the discovery of Neo-Assyrian palaces, lavish Bronze Age tombs, monumental temples, and…